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What is CID Full form, History, Eligibility Criteria?

CID is one of the most important wings of Indian State Police that operates at the state level. It performs the highly daunting tasks related to crime and misconduct of behavior within a state.

CID Full form?

The full form of CID is Crime Investigation Department. As per the name indicates it looks after the cases related to crime and put every effort to solve them and endow a fruitful outcome. It is the wing of investigation and intelligence department which is committed to performing a high level of inquiry so that complex criminal cases get resolved.

What does CID do? 

Criminal Investigation Department is set up by the government to solve the criminal cases like murder, rapes, riots, corruptions, robbery, accidents, suicides and much more occurring in the state. Dealing with every criminal case and performing high-level of investigation is all that CID does. While the area of operation of CID is relatively small that is within the states; their work requires full dedication and commitment. 
CID comprises different branches or divisions which operate in a particular niche to ensure a high level of investigation in every case. These divisions are as follows:
1) Finger Print Bureau: The primary work of Finger Print Bureau includes taking the fingerprints of accused and convicts and performs thorough research to solve the case. It makes excellent evidence to present in the court.
2) CB- CID: CID was split into Crime Branch (CB) and CID in the year 1929 to make the investigation work more efficient. The cases handed over to CB- CID by the high court or state government are looked upon by them.
3) CID: It looks after every criminal case allotted within the state.
4) Anti- Narcotics Cell: It takes action against the criminals dealing with narcotics and other psychotropic substances.
5) Anti Human Trafficking & Missing Persons Cell: This division looks critically after the activities involving human trafficking and performs diligent rescue operations for the missing persons.
6) Anti-terrorism Wing: The primary function of Anti-terrorism wing is to keep an eagle eye on any anti-terrorist activity happening in the state and to take an immediate action to combat it.

History of CID?

It was in the year 1902 when British Government appointed Frazer Commission to get an insight to the Policing in British India and to review it fundamentally. Suggestions were recommended for the betterment of police department. In the year 1903, Frazer Commission submitted its report to the Government suggesting to formulate a separate crime branch under each Presidency. This is how the idea of creating a special wing dedicated only to the crimes of the state came into being, and CID got established.

Eligibility criteria for getting into CID?

If you find interest in solving the cases related to crime, then getting into CID is one feasible option. The eligibility criteria for the same is being graduated, and have joined the police force. Once you are in the police force, you need to pass a Criminology exam to become one of the officers in CID. Later, the person has to undergo rigorous training before executing services as a CID officer.

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